The 19th century, the Julian calendar, used by Russia, was 12 days behind the Gregorian calendar (used by most of the Western world) until March 1, 1900, when it became 13 days behind. Having debated through … During the 1800s, Russia’s economy remained focused on agriculture and natural resources. In the second year of his regime he signalized that necessity. There is no progress through change without deterioration. Imagine people your age not having a place to live in, so they just sleep wherever they can, or imagine that children are sleeping with empty stomachs, almost starving, while you have so much food that you can’t even choose which one to eat now and which one to keep for later . Several states also instituted child benefits to raise levels of child care and nutrition through general governmental revenues from taxation and other sources. Russia was extremely reactionary country during monarchy, were only handful aristocratic families lived really good. He was one of the most celebrated ones of the Romanov dynasty and influenced church’s, legislation and courts. A major reason for the higher numbers of female Russian revolutionaries had to do with the late arrival in Russia of a different “revolution,” specifically, the Industrial Revolution. They are not rocket science but worth re-stating. Peters reign on the throne lasted till 1725 and his empress Catherine continued until 1727. Looking for a flexible role? They have to fight the hardship of poverty to secure food, clothes and shelter. In the 1932 book Russia Washed in Blood, a Bolshevik's harrowing account of Moscow's devastation from the October Revolution contained the description, "frozen rotten potatoes, dogs eaten by people, children dying out, hunger," but was promptly deleted. The first revolution overthrew the tsarist government and replaced it with a Provisional Government of Duma members (mostly members of the Cadet party), who allowed a Contact Commission of the Petrograd Soviet to advise the government. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Their ascent to power ended 1,100 years of imperial rule in the world’s largest nation. Russia was extremely reactionary country during monarchy, were only handful aristocratic families lived really good. Unemployment: Poor people move from villages to towns and form one town to another in search of employment/work. Money doesn 't makes you happy, money just gives you material stuff but not happiness. “Three Rural Issues” indicates the social problems of Chinese rural area, agriculture and peasant caused by the wealth gap, loss in rural population, etc. Q. RUSSIAN REVOLUTION: Following the November 1917 revolution what was the name of the government/philosophy that was introduced. The Russian Revolution also has to be viewed in light of Russia's own national history. He implemented liberal changes in universities, an in legal area. However, with the revival strategies of Vladimir Lenin, Russia began to financially recover and by 1925, during the stir of Lenin’s NEP a ‘major transformation was occurring politically, economically, culturally and spiritually.’. However, other Bolshevik leaders were not yet quite convinced. Through the New Economic Policy, smaller factories were given back to their previous owners and because the farmers now had a choice to sell their harvest, they had an incentive to produce more grain. Russian Revolution, October 1917. Nothing came close to it in importance – a fact recognised at the time and which continues to prove compelling a full century later. They lived in cheap wooden houses or dormitories, had very low wages, could only afford to eat black bread, soup, and vodka. Three years later, Lenin introduced free universal healthcare to all citizens of nation and it is clear that this would have made immediate positive effects on the quality of life for the Soviet community. Russia was still extremely patriarchal. Perhaps the most important perceived benefit to Russians who supported the Bolshevik Revolution was that the Communists promised an immediate exit from World War One. Progress is an improvement upon something previously worse. They were marching to the Winter Palace to present their petition in front of Czar Nicholas II. It sparked the beginning of a new era in Russia that had effects on countries around the world. Lenin and his Soviet members also believed that the role of women would be critical for the success of revolution. The second consequence of the Russian Revolution was the rise of Lenin as a powerful leader. The Russian economy had made great industrial advances in the two decades prior to 1914 – but it was still under-developed and ill-equipped to supply a prolonged war. They fought and died for this. Its population exceeded 100 million people, including dozens of ethnic and language groups. It was meant to be a temporary body that would govern Russia in place of the Tsar until elections could be held. At a Women’s Congress in 1918, he stated that ‘the experience of all liberation movements has shown that the success of a revolution depends on how much the women take part in it’ (Zetkin, 1920, The Women’s Question). The Russian Revolution is one of the most seminal events of the 20th century, ushering in a new form of politics to a major world power. Eugene Debs, the most outstanding American socialist of his generation, had received 6% of the vote as the party’s presidential candidate in 1912. Do you see how Leo changed? The annual economic growth had fell from 8% to 1.4%. Many Kulaks opposed the idea of collectivism and many burnt their grain and killed their animals to avoid handing them over to the Government. The working class of society changed from being bitter poor to being moderately impoverished. Poverty is when people cannot satisfy their basic needs, such as food and water. This essay will observe the political, economical , and social conditions in Russia chronologically from before the 1905 Revolution to 1924, to finally determine the extent of change meaning progress. The food consisted of bland soups and stale bread; newcomers had trouble eating the unappetizing food. In other words, the Russian Revolution, and the developments thereafter, cannot be viewed only as a product of Communist Revolution, but they also have to be viewed as a product of the social history of Russia, which was itself very brutal and oppressive. Stalin stated at a conference of the Union in February 1931 that Russia was ‘fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries’. The benefits of the Bolshevik coup in 1917, can best be summarized as the following: 1, The overthrow of the Romanov Dynasty, and the extermination of the Romanovs, which took Russia into the 20th century as a republic and no longer ruled by inept monarchs or their feeble offspring. Learn more about the Russian Revolution … The Russian Revolution of 1917 involved the collapse of an empire under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian socialism under Lenin and his Bolsheviks. The 1917 Russian Revolution took place in March (Gregorian Calendar). Company Registration No: 4964706. Children learned communist ideas but they were still … In the end, the Russian Revolution was betrayed. A string of unsuccessful campaigns brought corruption to the monetary structure of Russia. Freedom was eradicated throughout Russia and the states took total control of the media this included, newspapers, cinema, and literature. In 1917, two revolutions completely changed the fabric of Russia. It all went from this, To this!! They are not rocket science but worth re-stating. His clothes, hair, chin, venue, even his drink, it's all soooooo Socialist?! On the centennial of the start of the Russian Revolution, explore about the tumultuous events of 1917 as witnessed by Americans and other expatriates living in the capital Reference this. Agricultural issue, due to the opening of market, small peasant economy is not able to compete with other big agricultural countries. In 1917, four days after the October Revolution, Lenin incorporated the eight hour working day which dramatically improved the working condition of Russia’s population. Some of the benefits that resulted from the Mexican Revolution are visible even today. Lenin realised that ‘only by coming to an agreement with the peasants can we save the socialist revolution’ (Victor Serge, 1945, Memoirs of a Revolutionary) from ‘the seven years of turmoil and economic decline’ (Mosley, unkown, Russian Revolution of 1917). This revolution changed the history in so mamy different ways due it bieng the collapse of the Russian empire and the birth of the USSR(Union of Socialist Soviet Republics). Its is a revolution that happened in russia and all of the social classes were in and everyone was affected in it. Workers in other countries must make their own revolutions. Wealthy peasants called Kulaks were stockpiling their grain holding up for higher prices so causing extreme food shortages. The Russian Revolution was a period of political and social revolution across the territory of the Russian Empire, ... At the same time, urban industrial life had its benefits, though these could be just as dangerous (in terms of social and political stability) as the hardships. Nothing came close to it in importance – a fact recognised at the time and which continues to prove compelling a full century later. 1st Jan 1970 *You can also browse our support articles here >. Until the industrialization programs led by Stalin in the 1930s, Russia “…resembled pre-modern Europe at virtually every level of the social hierarchy” (7). Moreover, Sanitation and food source was not common in the ghettos, prisoners had to strip themselves of their dignities in order to barely survive: “Life in the ghettos was usually unbearable. Focusing on the Russian Revolution in its widest sense, Fitzpatrick covers not only the events of 1917 and what preceded them, but the nature of the social transformation brought about by the Bolsheviks after they took power. He gave bigger autonomy for Finland and Poland. The October 1917 Russian Revolution . The author draws attention to the following advantages of the concept under consideration. The revolution forced Nicholas II to resign and transformed the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) or the Soviet Union. The Russian Revolution of 1917 had an enormous impact on politics on a global scale for many decades. Before entering the topic in particular it is important that you know briefly what the Mexican Revolution . Russia industrialized much later than Western Europe and the United States. They cooked and cleaned, and they even bathed and dressed their masters. This damaged France’s economy for many years to come. In order to spread the message of communism throughout the Soviet community, Lenin completely changed the way education, literature, cinema and music were portrayed. Russian Revolution of 1917 took place in two phases, the February Revolution and the October Revolution.While the February Revolution led to the end of tsarist autocracy in Russia with the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, the October Revolution led by the Bolsheviks resulted in the establishment of the first Marxist state in the world with Vladimir Lenin as its leader. The Socialist Party had 100,000 members and many members elected to public office across the country. Even though this was the case, Lenin was a pillar of Bolsheviks party that supported socialism. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! This gives us an idea of how bad their situation can lead to. Decades of War. Importantly, Lenin transformed Russia into a communist party. The Russian Revolution was, while a huge economic, social, and political change, the result of a number of different factors that built up over time, including economic, military, […] With them, they brought their wealth and education. According to Tsarist law, women were not much more than men’s slaves, and men had, by law, the right to beat their wives. Large amount of peasant finds jobs in cities, lead to low productivity in agriculture. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Russian Revolution of 1905, uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy. He is no more as appealing as he was before. ADVERTISEMENTS: (ii) Urban (cities) and rural (villages) life became dependant upon one another. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. In doing so, the Bolsheviks aimed at ‘eliminating the autonomy of universities, doing away with the university faculties, especially the humanities whose curricula would clash with communist ideology, to put an end to the ‘elitist’ character of higher education, to develop vocational education’ (Anonymous, Lenin’s Social Reforms 1917-1924). With the Russian revolution conducted by Lenin, the USSR soon turned into a world superpower and the activist’s government style still influences communist governments today ‘ China, North Korea, Cuba, Vietnam, and Laos. This was only the beginning of the rebellion and when Lenin’s successor, Stalin came into ruling the leader introduced even more sever censorship laws to further ensure that the government controlled the mind and the social development of the ‘communist citizen’. Farmers struggled to make a living, and went underappreciated even though they provided food for all of Egypt. However, the majority of the population in Russia was the peasants. Though the Russian Revolutions had many benefits, the event brought along with it many social downfalls. 1. There are many factors that make a country poorer than others. Work was provided to maintain somewhat suitable lives and occasionally grant the prisoners scarce food Plus, Orphans were also an issue, but also a big priority to adult prisoners: “Orphans often lived on the streets, begging for bits of bread from others who had little or nothing to share. For the sake of stability, tsarism insisted on rigid autocracy that effectively shut out the population from participation in government. There were, of course, two revolutions that year. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Russia entered World War I relatively underdeveloped. 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