growing zinnias for cut flowers

December 2, 2020 in Uncategorized

All Gardening Advice, ‘Candy Mix’ (pictured above) is an improved mix that contains a higher percentage of double flowers in a warm, cheerful blend of scarlet, raspberry, rose, salmon, tangerine, gold, and cream. Zinnias resent cold weather and prefer to be planted after things have warmed up a bit. I cut the stems, leaving the branching for subsequent flowers. The Queen Lime series are my favorites because their colors are so unusual. I have been so far. Thank you! love zinnias i just go by what you like never grew thembefore until last year. I grew flowers for the farmers market this summer, zinnias being one of them(one of my favorites). I grow a lot of zinnias during the growing season. As zinnias are considered prolific bloomers does that mean you can cut stems every week when conditions are good? Looking forward to being as successful as you have been in growing them this year. ‘Oklahoma Salmon‘ (pictured above) has petite, double blooms that are a warm mix of salmon and peach and combine well with anything. Hi Mary, View our cookie policy to learn more, Posted in I grow cut flowers to decorate my church. I had no idea the amount of varieties. Thank you so much for the tips when cutting. I bought sooooo many zinnias from you guys this year. Zinnas are a favourite to grow in bulk in my gardens but unfortunately the fabulous range shown aren’t so available here. Can you offer an alternative source? I would like to try growing them from seed, Hi Ann, A customer favorite, ‘Benary’s Giant Wine’ (pictured left) is a dramatic, deep wine hue. Great article. As the plants grow, they push up through the grid of netting and get the support they need. I usually stick to perennials, roses, fruits and vegetables. Should I pinch them at this height or wait? Even better, zinnias come in just about every color (except blue). It was so gratifying after having some germination challenges with other starts. Top row, left to right: ‘Giant Salmon Rose’, ‘Zinderella Peach‘, ‘Queen Lime Orange’. Can’t wait to start cutting them and look forward to trying some of varieties you mention above. Cactus-flowered types: These fun novelties have the coolest twisted, shaggy petals and come in a wide range of colors including orange, pink, red, yellow, peach, and white. What about water? I’m so excited!!!! I am excited to try this trick to get longer stemmed flowers. Water more in hot climates. I am in zone 5b, Wisconsin. Hopefully they’ll like this location better. Choosing only a few varieties was almost excutiating but I want to grow a little of everything so I have to be choosy with my limited space. But I have never had much success with them. We love growing Zinnias here in South Florida. June, Love all the variety and pics! Zinnias are not only beautiful, they are so important for pollinators and butterflies. It inspires me. Thanks. After trying them and cutting them and re-seeding I was hooked! Your garden sounds incredible! Zinnias are extremely prolific bloomers and the more you cut them, the more they keep blooming. Of all the zinnias we grow, this might be my favorite. I would love to order some of your solid color varieties, for next year how early can I order them?thanks your info is so beautiful and helpful plus inspiring. And soooo beautiful! While plants themselves are compact, they churn out an abundance of stems for cutting from midsummer to early autumn. MaryDana Baird . WOW! Wow, breathtakingly beautiful! After being inspired by your book last January we started a cut garden here in Middle Tennessee–Zinnias were the largest part of our crop and they were so well received. Just love them. There are multiple pictures of my grandmother’s garden bursting with zinnias from back in the day, and my father has been growing from saved seed for years now. I love zinnias! A couple of tips for cutting the flowers: The easy to grow, heat-loving plants produce a bumper crop of sweet blooms on long, strong stems in shades of rose, carmine, orange, coral, white, yellow, and violet. These fun novelties have the coolest twisted, shaggy petals and come in a wide range of colors including orange, pink, red, yellow, peach, and white. Thanks so much for your help! Can you please share your source for these varieties. I lost most and the others bent broke what flowers were still alive. All rights reserved. I love the ZOWIE series of zinnias, specifically Zowie Yellow Flame. One point to note is that many growers in warmer climates have noticed that they don’t get the same high percentage of doubles with scabiosa types (doubles pictured right) that we do here in the Northwest. Looking for a better season next Spring. IAM hoping to grow some someday but I would okay to just come visit your farm and get some cut flowers. If you grow them under lights, don’t start too early. Hi your flowers are so beautiful IAM litterly in shock from the beauty of your farms Zinnias. Queen Series: Unlike other zinnias, this series includes the most unique array of unusual coloring including lime green, smoky apricot, dusty rose, and limey blush. Thanks for sharing! I have ordered from you ever since and shared your farm and seeds with all of my own sisters and friends. While the single blooms are pretty and unique, many folks have been disappointed by this fact. The petal tips of ‘Benary’s Giant Orange’ are edged with the tiniest hint of lavender, giving them an iridescent quality. Thank you for all the tips especially the cutting tips, very interesting to learn at what stage we can cut them etc!! Normally I find them very easy to grow. Looking forward to ordering seed for next season!!! Zinnias are a staple at garden centers and also incredibly easy to grow from seed. They just grew and grew! I am growing zinnias for sale as cut flowers. GARDEN GUIDE | Zinnias for cutting. Thanks for your help! I was able to get some great photos that year. If you’re interested in flower farming and are interested in learning how to grow zinnias and other cut flowers as a business, check out our eBook series on growing cut flowers for profit and success! This post is so helpful to know how to better care for them this year! What a nice article Erin on one of the best annual any gardener should sow every year!!! It was amazing to see them continue to grow! My youngest daughter(she’s 17) asked that I grow the flowers for her wedding, which I hope won’t be for quite a while! We’ve been growing zinnias since the beginning, and every year I fall more and more in love with them. I am one of those who has a hard time pruning the “center” out of the young plants, but when I do I am rewarded with taller plants and more blooms. I have your “ Cut flower garden “ book and love it! Zinnias are annuals and will die with the first hard frost of fall. To tell whether a zinnia is ready to harvest, use the “wiggle test.” Simply grab the stem about 8 inches (20 cm) down from the flower head and gently shake it. Any ideas as to what could be happening and if I should pull them out? I got the seeds that I get from my friend, I don’t what kind of the variety it is but when it bloom, I only get a single bloom flower unlike what my friend has. Here are the 13 long-standing flower favorites that hold up the best in vases. ‘Zinderella Lilac’ (pictured above) is a lovely mix of blush and soft lavender, accented by a striking dark center. This trio is widely considered a cinch to grow, whether in a backyard cutting garden like mine or for those of you venturing into flower growing for a farmers' market or local floral design customers. When you say that plants are “spaced 9 inches (23 cm) apart,” do you mean that the rows are spaced 9″ apart, and the seeds within the rows are planted much closer? My granddaughter was given the name of Zinya. We recently moved to a house with a smaller yard and so I have less space to plant in. The smaller-flowered forms such as. Or is there no hope. Here’s how it’s done: When plants are between 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30.5 cm) tall, take sharp pruners and snip the top 3 to 4 inches (7.6 to 10.2 cm) off the plant, just above a set of leaves. Thank you for sharing all of these! I especially love the lillyputs they are so pretty. This will be my first year growing zinnia’s. I have about 200 feet of row. I like how you are straight to the point and comprehensive without a lot of digressions or insufficient info. ‘Benary’s Giant Carmine’ (pictured right) has raspberry-pink blooms; as they age the outer tips of the petals fade, giving blooms a multidimensional quality. I will definitely be using the pinching technique to encourage more blooms. It is absolutely pouring here in the UK so this article was a magic pick me up. I had no idea there were so many beautiful varieties until reading your blog and looking through your book. First off, we are super-excited about ‘Unicorn Mix’ (pictured above). Trying Bernary’s Giant Lime this year instead. I planted a few too many seeds really because I wanted to be sure to get some. Would it be best to give zinnias some shade in the afternoon? We are so pleased to offer this variety, treasured for its versatile creamy ivory color and pretty double blooms. Do you recommend any that are mildew resistant? I grew scabiosa-flowered zinnias for the first time in 2014, and they quickly became one of my favorite crops of the season. Thank you! How can I fix this. Katie. Green Envy is not a Scabiosa type but maybe it’s the same issue…. Clipping the plant back often results in more abundant blooms. Zinnias have hollow stems below the flower, so weak necks, which bruise and break off all too easily as you arrange them, can be a problem. We use a layer of Hortonova netting stretched horizontally about 12 inches (30.5 cm) above the ground. I wanted to hug those little guys! Zinnias are perfect for filling gaps in the border and also work well in container displays. In current shaky climate I am trying to save on greenhouse fuel, and in doing so fear I have some dampening off … but only on my most resilient little growers, my zinnias. The blooms of ‘Benary’s Giant Lime’ are a unique, Granny Smith apple-green and deeply packed with petals. I have too many seed variety for my garden space, so I’m trying to convince my husband to let me dig up some of our existing landscaping; we’ll see how that goes. As a consequence one of the plants has completely collapsed. April, The Queen and Bennary series have been brilliant. Do the smaller Lilliput varieties need to be pinched at a shorter height since their final growth height is shorter? Hi ! This signals the plant to send up multiple stems from below where the cut was made, resulting in more abundant flower production as well as longer stem length. We are in western Indiana and are planting several Zinnias this year. I have been gleaning every tidbit of wisdom you have to share from your site as well as your book as I start my flower farming journey. Maintain moderate soil moisture and fertilize lightly to maximize growth and blooms. Any advice would be appreciated! Should I not pinch next year? We are going to prepare our soil and I think we are going to plant seeds unless you think otherwise. ( I’m going to try to save from it this year. I am growing zinnia in containers on my patio for the first time. They have nice long stems and good disease resistance, and they come in a beautiful range of colors. If i plant them closer together, will they be shorter? This is so helpful! We recommend starting them 6-8 weeks before your last frost so they can be transplanted outside after the weather has warmed. Great work and wishing you the best success. Hello there! I’m in Texas. You can always depend on them to be beautiful. I am so curious as to how one shall harvest flowers that grow in netting? Now I just get tiny blooms. Thank you so much. :). The green forms, such as Zinnia ‘Envy’ or larger-flowered ‘Benary’s Giant Lime’ go with everything, but this is the only shade that does. The whimsical colors and shapes just make me smile. Is there any way to combat or remedy for powdery mildew? They are one of my favorite flowers and I always try to have a bunch somewhere in my gardens for me to enjoy. The more I look at the options on this website and seed catalogues I keep thinking I should add just one more type…. Also, our tend to get very tall (we live in the south and have a long growing season). :) Last year my Zinnias that I planted in containers did not do as well as those that I planted directly in the ground? Knebels Knob Farm, Hi Barb, Roll on summer and thank you for all the advice. Bicolor novelties: These unique bicolor novelties are sure to catch the attention of everyone who sees them. This can make zinnias tricky to lace into a hand-tied bunch and is one of the reasons you often see them arranged just on their own. They are extremely easy to grow. I just discovered your site from this post. Their beautiful colors make me and the friends I share them with smile! To keep flowers blooming after you place them in a vase, keep cut flowers out of direct sunlight and drafts, change the water every other day, and make a fresh cut each time you change the water. Plants are best supported by individual stakes or, if being grown in a veg or cutting garden for picking, they look fine pushing up through nylon clematis or wire sheep netting, stretched horizontally one foot (30cm) or so off the ground and tied taut onto a series of canes. Living in the Flint Hills of Kansas, we knew zinnias would be top of the list, as we tend to have very hot windy summers. I’m hoping to grow the table flowers for my son’s September wedding. Anyone know what the pest would be? Do you sell packages of seeds or could you tell me where I can buy seeds of your giant zinnias? Thank you. Thank you for the article on zinnias, i have fallen in love with all the new colors an sizes. Zinnias are so easy you can direct sow them, or start them inside under lights or in a southern facing window. I’m curious though, what other flowers or green foliage do you like to pair with zinnias for a pretty bouquet?? Thanks for any help! Here are four tips for growing these super-premium zinnias: 1. We always hope bouquets last a full week there. Zinnias famously hate root disturbance, so it is best to. That's a lot! Decisions, decisions….now I am seriously considering sticking with one flower..ZINNIAS!…and filling my entire yard with them, all the different, gorgeous varieties. Stick all the saturated, stained-glass colours together (either in the garden or picked to make a bunch), but keep these well away from the pales. The largest-flowered varieties in the zinnia family, plants often reach 4 to 5 feet (1.2 to 1.5 m) tall and have a high percentage of huge double flowers. The best zinnias I’ve ever seen were lining a path to a primary school in Sri Lanka. Flowers make me happy – but if I wanted one mixed bouquet a week on the kitchen table, I’d be shelling out £40 a month. Keep the soil moist, but not soggy, for young plants. Any type of stake, wooden or metal, will work just fine. petite stature, they resemble a bedding plant more than a cropping variety, but I think they deserve a spot in every cutting garden. Just scattering a handful of seeds adds a splash of color to the end caps or paint the orchard with dabs of color beneath the olive trees. Wonderful varieties abound, but the Benary series was developed specifically for cut flowers. Generally, Zinnias need 1½–2 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet of a 1-1-1 fertilizer. :) Maybe next year! We use cookies to personalise content, analyse website performance and for advertising purposes. They loved it. Love the information on zinnias, Erin. I love your taste in flowers if I had a acreage I would grow each variety you offer :). Floral, Garden Writer March 23, 2019 garden, growing guide 1 Comment. Inspiring stories, profiles & advice from 45 flower growers from around the world, Join the Floret newsletter and stay in the loop on all the exciting happenings here on the farm. That hedge taught me what zinnias truly like – not always easy to provide in Britain, but still possible. The flowerheads are similar to daisies and they make great cut flowers for bouquets to add to vases. This signals the plant to send up multiple stems from below where the cut was made, resulting in more abundant flower production as well as longer stem length. I tried Banarys Giant last year with ok success. #GrowingFlowers #Gardening #GrowingZinnias UPDATED ZINNIA VIDEO - https://youtu.be/POOG1xeHfoE SUPPORT THE CHANNEL - TRY OUR SOAP! The cactus varieties have a softer individual spine like petals. I thought I was not a zinnia fan.. We had a hot summer (for us) last year and the Zinnias loved it. Last year I had s really difficult time with my zinnias initially. We are really reading up on all of it. In this video we will compare Zinnias that have been pinched to zinnias that were allowed to grow normally. She gave me some seeds once and I have grown them ever since… I can’t believe how many colors and sizes you have it’s so much fun! I lost all first 2 rounds to rain. What an exciting time for you. It gets extremely warm with heat reflecting off the barn and the dahlias did not like it even with twice daily watering. I’m obsessed with them . This took 3 attempts. I have a garden labyrinth and several of the paths are lined with zinnias each year to attract hummingbirds. What a dream to be able to work in such beauty everyday. Zinnias seem to love the hot and dry summer climate up here in the northern Cariboo region of British Columbia. Hi Erin, thank you for all of this, zinnias are my favorite. Where I live in central CA it is incredibly hot months on end and they are one of my favorite in the garden, and I must plant more this year! In addition to their special coloring, the Queen Series also produces vigorous plants with sturdy stems and tough flowers, a welcomed improvement to the zinnia family. Our 2021 line of specialty seeds is available in. I’m growing the unicorn zinnias this summer. stress, including not getting enough water or too-high temps, they will start producing single flowers (pictured left). I had been wondering why that was and will try a slightly coler spot for them next season, I am growing an annual cutting garden for the first time this year. Whoa- they revert to singles in stress? Annual zinnias add long-lasting color to flower beds but they can also supply you with long-lived cut flowers for your home. You site is beyond great! I had problems with dampening off, and then decided to directly sow in the garden. If so have you seen them ‘grow out of it’, or otherwise recover? After zinnias flower, cut off the old flowers (a process called “deadheading”) to encourage more flowers to form. You’ve inspired me to try my hand at growing them! Here’s how we prepare our soil: https://www.floretflowers.com/soil-preparation/. How spectacular! Even if your plants are not going to reach Sri Lankan heights, they benefit greatly from growing straight early on. For this reason, you’ll find that lots of zinnia seeds are sold ready-coated with fungicide. Ahhhh Thanks for all the great information on flower growing! The knowledge I am gaining is awesome. Everyone who sees them instantly falls in love. Cut your zinnias early in the morning while the blooms are just beginning to open. Especially being stuck in my home I have so many seeds & I can’t wait to get busy. ‘Zinderella Peach’ (pictured above) has frilly double blooms that are a warm mix of salmon, peach, and cream, accented by a striking dark center. So thankful to hear that zinnias like the heat! I would estimate that I get anywhere from 12-25 stems per plant. When we first started growing zinnias this closely together I was worried that they would be plagued by disease, but since they are grown in such rich soil, this hasn’t been a problem. I sow them with Marigold’s and Cosmos’s. This would work better in my cutting garden. (I cut them all this year.. oops) I named my daughter Zinnia Raine in memory of my late grandmother and we grow tons every year! Zinnias are considered a “dirty flower” and benefit from a drop or two of bleach in their water. This explains why my “green envy” zinnias reverted to a pale yellow single petaled flower last year? I’m a fan and always have been of peachy/salmon shades (since childhood). This time I will cut them back shorter and see what happens. With their petite stature, they resemble a bedding plant more than a cropping variety, but I think they deserve a spot in every cutting garden. Thanks. I just watched my seeds pop up after only a few days of being sown. The rows and rows of zinnias look gorgeous. All make good cut flowers. Zinnias have been in the family garden every year since before my dad was born. on 1st March 2020. I’m in Ohio, and am anxiously awaiting the time I can dig in the dirt! I’ve never grown zinnias before, but I just started a flat of the Queen Series today. Thank you for any answers you can give me! Thank you for sharing your favorites. Do not put them in the cooler since the flowers are very cold-sensitive. I did a double take before realising they were just the common or garden zinnia, ‘Dahlia Mix’. The cotton candy-pink blooms of ‘Benary’s Giant Bright Pink’ (pictured right) are as sweet as can be. Left to right, above: ‘Lilliput Salmon’, ‘Giant Salmon Rose‘, ‘Oklahoma Salmon’. I LOVE, LOVE, LOVE Lilliput Salmon. are you able to obtain seeds from the flowers you have grown at the end of the season ?? Definitely a must-grow! I do cut the flowers a lot which i know causes more the grow. Annuals, But it’s hard not to love them all! the photos of all those beautiful zinnias have me itching for Spring! Perennials for Spring and Summer Planting. They are the last thing I pull out of the garden because I want to enjoy them to the end. Thank you for sharing. They don't require special attention or conditions, just full sun and good soil. Australia . I’m soo enjoying all the Zinnia talk . CONTACTS | Seed suppliers. Some are still blooming 5 1/2 months later! We do have a major issue down here in the south with Powdery Mildew, its so humid it has become a never-ending battle. We’ll have them in the shop starting January 6th for next season. Have always included them as such happy vibrant and easy to care for plants. Just loved this article and the photos. If the stem is droopy or bends, it is not ready to cut. So grateful!! Additionally, zinnias make great cut flowers, which can either be sold in market for income or enjoyed on the dinner table at home. Or do you mean that literally every seed or two should be 9″ from the next plant? You recommend Floralife to aid in vase longevity for most flowers. We would love to be able to harvest blooms earlier in the summer — do you have any recommendations for “speeding up” the growing process? It pairs well with both pastel and vibrant colors. In a damp, cool year, with high air humidity, plants can get a plateau of mould, which sits on the growth tip and rots down into the heart of the plant. However, when I saw this selection, I’ve changed my mind. Zinnias have been a major part of my cutting garden for years and they are one of my favorite things to grow. We’re referring to how they make the water dirty, as a cut flower. You definitely brighten my day and The mostly double and semi-double flowers of ‘Queen Lime Blush’ (pictured above) are a stunning blend of green and purple, unlike anything we’ve seen. Well, I did! Not only were they single flowers, but most of the flowers didn’t even have a complete circle of petals; many only had 4 to 6 odd petals per flower and were a washed out dirty white color on otherwise healthy plants. I have planted zinnias for many years starting them from seed. Did not know these were available. This variety is named for our favorite time of day on the farm, the golden hour just before the sun sets on the horizon. With this selection, the necks are strong. So many fun varieties! Thank you for your practical, helpful guides and instructions, also tips for vase life. Learn more about soil preparation here. What works for you? Thank you. The flower heads vary in size from 3″ to 5″ across, which yields a nice variety for arrangements. Facebook 0 Twitter … Or, if you want to grow them long-stemmed for cut flowers, plant your zinnias closer together and pinch off lower shoots to encourage tall growth instead. Growing conditions may include the number of frost-free days in your area, your soil type, and sun exposure. How do you store yours? I especially love ‘Lilliput Salmon’ (pictured growing above). Knowing which varieties of flowers are the best to grow for long-lasting cut flowers is the first step. <3 Zinnias need to be picked when they are fully ripe, otherwise they won’t last in the vase. My favorite is ‘Señora’ (pictured above), which has warm salmon-apricot, quilled blooms and produces a bumper crop of large flowers that have long, strong stems. i have never heard of these before but have bought some seeds but will wait for the weather to warm up at night in bc. We direct sow a few times through the summer, but just one planting provides us with blooms for many weeks. Beautiful post! All the zinnias I just read about are beautiful…I’m going to need heavy medication and counseling. This versatile color looks incredible when combined with rich foliage and blooms. Great article, thank you. All your pictures are lovely. The mid-sized plant produces fun, campy double flowers with lipstick-pink centers and soft blush tips. Denise. It would give me all the zinnias I needed for church, a joy to look at from my home and all who pass by to enjoy too! I love what I can see of the colors, though! Growing zinnias from seed might be one of the easiest gardening tasks of the year. We have been growing and selling them for a year now in Florida. Using the zinnias along with coleus, caladiums, and pentas, we have had fresh flower arrangements all summer long. Gazing at the flower buckets by the entrance, I felt torn. Cut the flower at the end of the stem when harvesting. I adore zinnias! Zinnias were introduced to me by my mother-in-law when I was a young mom trying to find easy beautiful things to plant. Look forward to hearing from you! I grow and sell sweet peas and the little Lilliputs look so pretty with them. Love your colorful website and I will be back to enjoy over and over again. The stems bend over completely while they’re still so young, sort of “snapping”. Nothing says summer more than an armload of cheerful zinnias. Growing zinnia plants benefit from deadheading and flower removal (used in cut flower bouquets). Growing Cut Flowers for Florists. The photo above demonstrates pinching with another type of plant. Bottom row, left to right: ‘Señora’, ‘Lilliput Salmon’, ‘Oklahoma Salmon’. They only have a limited variety. With their. My first planting on May 5 of giant dahlia and Benary's giant (both from Johnny's Seeds) of about 30 feet of row has flowered. I have been growing a few zinnias for years to make arrangements in our Episcopal Church One problem with the zinnias, was having the stems collapse only hours after cutting- every single flower. My other varieties of zinnias were beautiful, so I couldn’t figure out what the problem was. Thanks for sharing I love zinnias. Zinnias are kind of a hot-button topic for most people - even if you hate zinnias and won’t grow them, you’ll have a very definitive reason as to why - but most people, especially flower farmers love zinnias and grow boatloads of them all season long. The problem that we have experienced with Zinnias is that they don’t seem to flower earlier than September. The series boasts 7 colors including Oklahoma Salmon, Pink, Carmine, Ivory, White, Yellow, and Scarlet. I’m trying Zinnia’s from seed this year – Zowie Yellow Flame from Johnny’s and seeds I harvested from a friend’s zinnia bed last fall. Each glowing scarlet petal is tipped in gold for a fun twist. Can never have enough of the beauties! I planted 12 Zinnia plants at the beginning of the summer. Once the planting beds have been prepared, we lay down four lines of drip irrigation, roughly a foot (30.5 cm) apart, then the beds are covered with a layer of pre-burned landscape fabric to control weeds. fiorentina504. Benary’s Giant Series: The largest-flowered varieties in the zinnia family, plants often reach 4 to 5 feet (1.2 to 1.5 m) tall and have a high percentage of huge double flowers. I’m excited to see how they do in my garden this year. Love it!! I put my Zinnias in the vegetable garden and we do not have a big bug problem. The Trial Field at Wisley. Let's begin with three cut flower varieties that play the role of focal flower — sunflowers, zinnias, and rudbeckias. How do you get water to your flowers? Anyone out there? Over the years we’ve collected the seeds and selected out the palest antique melon shades. I’m considering starting zombie from seed instead of direct sowing. Varieties: The giant dahlia-bloom has a compact flower head that grows up to six inches. what do you use in water of a vase for fresh flower food, I always love this flower as we call them margarita here. Color. I can’t wait to start them… keep up the good work :). Selecting Cut Flowers to Grow. The photo above demonstrates pinching with another type of plant. This will be my first year growing for actual cut flower sales so I went a bit wild with choosing zinnia varieties thanks to your numerous must-grow recommendations and amazing photos! Fantastic! Here’s how it’s done: When plants are between 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30.5 cm) tall, take sharp pruners and snip the top 3 to 4 inches (7.6 to 10.2 cm) off the plant, just above a set of leaves. It’s a must-grow! Thank you for the explanation about why double zinnias can sometimes turn into scruffy single zinnias! The more the merrier! ^_^. I think I’m starting to see buds on my main stem but the plants are about 5-6 inches. Drip irrigation is recommended at 80to help prevent these issues. I tried Fertilome Triple action, and fertilized with fish emulsion. Zinnias are a favorite of mine and I plant them every year. Have a bunch of seeds started in the greenhouse now. I take them to my Mogo Nursery , people love them . Any help with this? With most zinnias, you’ll get at least a week in a vase if they’re kept cool. What kind of sprays do you use? I have sent it to a sick friend who loves her garden. There’s nothing else like it on the market. It’s a must-grow! We start all of our seeds indoors to extend the season by a couple months. New South Wales . Zinnias keep me with flowers the whole time! Best Cut Flower for Beginner Gardeners. This will be my first year growing Zinnias. They are my favorite. The Farmer & the {Florist} Interview: Amy Merrick, pre-burned landscape fabric to control weeds, https://www.floretflowers.com/soil-preparation/, https://shop.floretflowers.com/collections/zinnia. For weddings, Polar Giant is my go-to. First time growing these. I keep your book handy indoors, but if out in garden, I look up your blogs with my phone. ‘Queen Lime Orange’: This exciting new addition to the Queen Series is the most beautiful range of iridescent raspberry, apricot, and smoky peach with a dark cranberry center. "They are great for hot summer weather and gardeners in warmer climates," explains Dr. Gladys Mbofung-Curtis, a garden expert at Garden Safe. This year the buds are stunted. I used to be a huge zinnia snob, feeling like they were second class to dahlias, but now I’m a total convert. Absolutely beautiful! I copied each photo to share on my FB before I reached the end and realized I could share the entire page. Thanks & Love your work! I’m in Canada, not far from you, so should be able to follow your book easily. Here in Eastern Washington are summers are so hot, I think, sadly, I won’t try to grow this variety again. That same daughter was expecting a baby girl in October of last year and asked me what the name of the flower was that we planned each year. I purchased your book last year and love it! It has been a trooper in my garden providing abundant beautiful blooms for much of the growing season. Thanks so much for writing such a beautiful, helpful book! Any type of stake, wooden or metal, will work just fine. If the stem is stiff and remains erect, it is ready to harvest. Zinnias come in a plethora of colors (except blue) and in several petal shapes. There’s no better late-summer plant, with a brilliant range of colours and flowers that look as though they’ve been cut from velvet-coated cardboard. So stunning and the sizes ranger from 2″ to nearly 4″ wide. The bees and butterflies love them . Adding a bit of bleach or hydrogen peroxide to the water keeps the water cleaner longer with ‘dirty flowers’. A surprise frost comes late often enough that I usually wait until last week of May, meaning it’s quite a wait before blooms. Plants have long, wiry stems that make them well-suited for flower arranging. After reading this I want to grow fields of zinnias! I have shared this favorite plant with my own children and now I share my harvest with my 2nd graders at the end of the year and encourage them to plant at home and try with their own families :). In addition to choosing a sunny spot, I always grow them in fabric for the added heat. Our favorite Zinnia varieties are listed in our shop here: https://shop.floretflowers.com/collections/zinnia. Like every flower grown on our farm, we try to give them the best start possible. Plants are spaced 9 inches (23 cm) apart with five rows per bed. Zinnias are one of the easiest flowers to grow from seed, they grow quickly and bloom for long periods of time. You mentioned starting flowers in the greenhouse several weeks before last frost, are your greenhouses heated? I live in New Orleans, and I have never been able to grow Green Envy. As I’ve gotten into flowers this year, caring for a cut flower garden, the potential of an organically grown, highly marketable cash crop has not escaped me. Hi Lori, I love Zinnias! What could this be? ‘Oklahoma Ivory’ (pictured above) had been discontinued but, to the delight of countless growers and designers, was brought back by Frank Morton at Wild Garden Seed here in the Pacific Northwest. Thank you Erin for such a credible overview of zinnias. Where is the best place to purchase seeds? Hi Floret Because of you I am learning more about Cosmos and trying these out as well. The series boasts 7 colors including Oklahoma Salmon, Pink, Carmine, Ivory, White, Yellow, and Scarlet. The seeds for the varieties listed here are in our shop: https://shop.floretflowers.com/collections/zinnia. I have cut off brown dry buds and some are starting to open and the top of them is weird and dry…..and the few that bloomed have just a couple petals and look like a flower at the end of it’s life. The plants are now setting new flowers. The only problem I had was they got to large at late season but still beautiful, This year I am doing the same thing. Similarly, the red and purple tones (‘Benary’s Giant Purple’ and ‘Benary’s Giant Wine’) are lovely with the contrast of a splash of rich vermilion-orange (‘Benary’s Giant Coral’), magnificent against petrol blue or rich, dark green; and the rich pinks (such as ‘Oriola’ or ‘Benary’s Giant Pink’) are marvellous with any of the reds and oranges, calmed down by ‘Envy’ green. I’ve reduced it but not eliminated it by watering via a drip line. If the stem is stiff and remains erect, it is ready to harvest. I am in love with these, along with the dwarf series, Profusion Coral Pink, Fire, and Orange. Thanks! The stem is too weak to hold the plant up. I am so amazed to know that there are other varieties. #Gardening #GrowingFlowers #CutFlowerFarm GARDEN ANSWER made a video about it, so I guess I'll make a video about planting and growing zinnias too! The brilliant, eye-catching ‘Aztec Sunset’ mix includes a wide range of miniature bicolor blooms in shades of buttercream, gold, cranberry, rust, and merlot. I planted a flower garden from seed tapes in April and have so many Zinnias, Cosmos and Tithonia blooming and more on the way! I think it’s a type of mildew when leaves are wet overnight. Thank you for this really thorough exploration of varieties on offer! They’re starting to flower and the flowers are very small and petals minimal, hardly single in a lot of them. Take care. Thanks for this lovely article! If you had to advise us on 5 to plant, which five would you suggest? Thanks for your info . My favorite is Benary Giant, and I love to mix them with snapdragons. Zinnias might have been our most successful plant. I’m going to pass that info on! There is an unbelievable number of zinnias to choose from in every shape, color, and size imaginable. They have the coolest antique cream colored single petaled cactus flowered variety that pops up every year. Email each time. Would they do well in a sunny window sill, or do I need to use grow lights? To choose the most successful cut flowers for your business consider your general growing conditions, technical capabilities, and your market. I will experiment with part shade this year to see if it makes a difference. With your colours carefully chosen, zinnias will give you the best ever September bunch of flowers. Your website is stunning!!! Thank you! If so, how often and with what product? I love all of the information on zinnias. Anyways, this year I’m really excited to grow a few new (to me) varieties I bought from a different seed company: Uproar Rose and Art Deco. As cut flowers, zinnias are hard to beat, and in a cut-flower trial I visited at The National Cut Flower Centre near Spalding, Lincolnshire, the Benary’s range (so-called after the German plant breeder) were reigning supreme. I’m curious to know if you sell and ship the starter plants so I can get the variety I’d prefer? Thank you for all the work you do to bring us gardener’s the info you have learned. I’ve heard of a ‘dirty’ gardener, but never a ‘dirty’ flower- I can’t even ‘google’ it! Hello, I’m from Cambodia. What is the trick to getting seedlings out of the 72 count cell trays? Thin out the seedlings, so you end up with one plant every 12in (30cm) or so. Ours came from an ’Oklahoma Salmon’ mix from Floret. Not sure why…take care and thank you for the post!! The plants get so leggy and tall, it seems the stems are not strong enough to support the plants. In 2013, with four times the number of sunny, summer days in Sussex compared with 2012, the zinnias looked magnificent. Shame! I have tried zinnias two years in a row, starting the seeds indoors then transplanting around Mother’s Day (in Boise, ID). If the stem is droopy or bends, it is not ready to cut. I buy the giant variety at Walmart. I bought them as healthy plug plants and pinched them when they go to a decent height to encourage more leaf growth. We love your farm and hope to visit someday. Do any of your zinnias do ok in 10B? I love the look of the scabiosa zinnias but haven’t had as much success with them as I would like, it’s good to know that it’s stress that’s causing the single blooms! I planted seeds years ago with success and I recently carefree planted some packets. Where would you recommend we purchase the zinnias from? The mix has medium-sized, mostly double blooms in an enchanting range of vivid sherbet tones including raspberry, tangerine, magenta, lemon, apricot, dusty lilac, and blush with striking lavender centers. We are in early spring here so other option would be to try and direct seed. We’ve been growing ‘Macarenia’ for years and have found that people either love it or hate it. Thank you for all the great information! I was going to plant a small garden of zinnias in rows like your were done ,but on a much smaller scale. It’s ideal for wedding work, and floral designers love it! Love this article! Receive emails from us & get 15% off your order, © 2020 Sarah Raven. Where can I get some of these unusual seeds? Registered in England & Wales #06694059. We succession sow zinnias every 2 to 3 weeks in order to have a steady stream of these beautiful blooms all summer long. Miniature flowered types: The old-fashioned ‘Lilliput Mix’ (pictured above) deserves a spot in every cutting garden. I’m in one of the milder parts of Montana (Zone 3+ or 4-), but I’ve struggled starting them in the greenhouse and had the best luck direct sowing once it warms up. So excited! Tip. I also love the ‘Desert Sunset Mix’ (pictured above), which includes my favorite warm-toned Benary’s Giant colors: Coral, Orange, and Carmine. I’m growing them in a gradient color arrangement. If the stem is stiff and remains erect, it is ready to harvest. Throughout the summer I probably cut more than 200-300 zinnia flowers off of these plants. ‘Benary’s Giant Deep Red’ (pictured left) is a rich ruby-red; the back of the petals have the slightest hint of purple, giving them a glowing, iridescent quality. Thank you for the great tips on how to grow these amazing hearty flowers! I am thrilled to hear that they grow so well here in Western Washington. I’m especially excited to try the zinderella series and the queen lime blush this year ! Now just to keep the iguanas out of the flower beds (the eat everything to the ground and outsmart even chicken wire)… but another south Florida issue. With proper placement and correct watering, zinnia plants provide long-term color and beauty in the summer flower bed. Most important, especially when you’re arranging, is to restrict the colour range. I look forward to receiving your Zinnia Pests & Diseases. Please note: If you submit a comment and it doesn’t show up right away, sit tight; we have a spam filter that requires we approve most comments before they are published. Zinnias famously hate root disturbance, so it is best to sow directly into freely drained soil with a fine tilth. My all-time favorite variety is ‘Giant Salmon Rose’ (pictured above) because its warm peachy color is so versatile and softens with age. Many gardeners in warmer parts of the world are able to successfully direct seed their zinnias straight into the field, but here in cool Washington we start our plants in 72-cell trays in the greenhouse 4 to 6 weeks before our last spring frost. I grew zinnias last year and plan to grow them this year with some of your added tips! Thanks! . That makes my day! It is very helpful and I look forward to reading it and watching the videos. I’m just down south of Auburn WA, Thank you for sharing such wonderful Info and beautiful pictures. Thank you for sharing! Thanks for the great info. Zinnias are some of my favorite cutting flowers! I live in UK and grow zinnias small and benary every year with great success in my garden which is clay-based soil they are very tolerant with our very changeable climate and make a show-stopping display. Yours are absolutely gorgeous The flowers growing now are coming along well. Like every flower grown on our farm, we try to give them the best start possible. The other key fact I learnt in Sri Lanka was that, as well as plenty of sun and heat. I forwarded your site onto my daughter in law and she was so inspired she asked for and received from me your book for Christmas. Zinnias are one of the flower types we grow the most of each summer. The texture is just the same. They attract butterflies and hummingbirds, making these flowers great companions for a vegetable garden. I love Zinnias. Its a temperate climate with hot dry summers. Should I use it for Zinnias as well? They are so carefree in our east Texas sandy loam that I use Zinnias as row markers in the orchard. Oh my gosh, I am happy to share this on Facebook! If you are not regularly harvesting your zinnias, be sure to deadhead any spent blooms to help focus the plant’s energy into producing new flowers and not going to seed. Growing Cut Flowers for Weddings. My husbands mom gave us a cheap packet of zinnia seeds last year to plant in the courtyard of our (first and new) home. A couple of years ago I was online searching for specialty Zinnias and I found your story and your farm. These reliable bloomers are a great addition to the cutting garden and the front of the flower border. And then I would have fresh seeds every year and no waste. Could the pH of the soil or water make a difference? I planted a verity of zinnias in large pots, to my surprise they turned out beautiful. I love your blogs!! Zinnias are considered a “dirty flower” and benefit from a drop or two of bleach in their water. I am so glad to have read this article! Barb and John What did I do wrong? I learned so much reading this blog Ever had this before? This makes me want to order some of every color! The longest lastin bouquets ever are zinnias with statice, can maybe go two weeks! You are SO appreciated!! Winner of the Fleuroselect Novelty Award in 2012, this hardworking plant thrives in heat and is very easy to grow. The tips of my zinnia seedlings are dead and burnt looking..they have not been outside though or exposed to the sun. and saw your beautiful varieties. Living in Chicago, I can also understand the need to plant out seedlings after things have warmed up. When we first started growing zinnias this closely together I was worried that they would be plagued by disease, but since they are grown in such rich soil, this hasn’t been a problem. Any suggestions? It’s ideal for wedding work, and floral designers love it! I’ve planted zinnias every summer for as long as I can remember. The flower bed was small 4’x6′ near my driveway in Houston TX. eCommerce by blubolt. I am going to try growing zinnias this year if it is not too late. There is a zinnia for just about every occasion, making them a useful cut for arrangements ranging from country to classic. and how often do you spray them? I love to grow Zinnias because they are so easy and make the cutest bouquets! I either mangle the cell or the seedling…..help. The zinnia is the grand old lady of the garden to me. We are starting small with a 1/2 an acre and building from there. Every year about 1/2-3/4 through our zinnia season the leaves start to get very chalky and ugly. Actually, in a small rural town outside of Miami University. Or just the bleach added to the water? He was an incredible gardener, and every year would plant a row of zinnias and a row of marigolds at the edge of our vegetable garden. Every time I walked outside or pulled my car into the garage, I was enjoying the gorgeous color. I live in Cincinnati Ohio. Stripping the leaves off will keep the flowers looking nicer since the leaves will droop and wilt before the flower does. Shoved in close together willy-nilly, zinnias can all too easily end up looking like dolly mixtures and lose their way on style. I have cut hundreds of flowers from the 80 or so seedlings. I planted them in full sun (that’s 13+ hours of South Carolina heat, which I thought they could handle) Here’s a great example of the different size options available in one color. The individual colors in this series are stunning, especially en masse. hanks for the tips about scabiosa varieties! Avoid overhead irrigation as it may damage the flowers by causing spotting, or may splash soil onto the foliage and promote disease. I only have what is offered at the big box stores in my area. Hi! !! We are based in cool upstate New York and have a climate similar to yours, I believe! In addition, when learning how to grow zinnia, remember that pinching back results in a bushie… Sadly this means I can’t grow most anything from my native NW. These are hands down the most productive and floriferous zinnias I’ve ever grown. Some of the flower heads are bent over, making them unmarketable. https://shop.floretflowers.com. I thought I’d share some of my favorite varieties that we grow here on the farm in hopes that it inspires you to plant some of these hardworking, heat-loving beauties in your garden this season. Long stemmed varieties make great cut flowers. I would love to hear your experience with this wonderful group of plants. In a window they can tend to get leggy, but if you plant them outside fairly quickly, or take them out to get sunshine during the day, they should do really well for you. One important thing to know about them is that, from the moment of germination right through their life cycle, they’re particularly prone to damping off and botrytis. Lastly, if you find this information is helpful, I would love it if you would share it with your friends. The plants look healthy and great, though. They are simply gorgeous, breathtaking! I have planted many varieties this year. My daughter used to grumble a little when she got a package of zinnia seeds in her Easter basket and knew she would be expected to help plant them. The general rule is to plant zinnias after the last frost of spring, but you might want to wait a bit longer. Hi! I’m hoping this is just an early awkward stage. Zinnias need to be picked when they are fully ripe, otherwise they won’t last in the vase. If the evening temperatures are chilly enough to have you reaching for the blankets to eat supper in the garden, then it’s still too cold. I am in Phoenix-super hot from June to September. Scabiosa-flowered types: I grew scabiosa-flowered zinnias for the first time in 2014, and they quickly became one of my favorite crops of the season. It’s been very frustrating trying to grow something billed as an easy, beginner flower in this climate- I’m in my 5th decade of gardening, but new to this climate! Did pinching reduce the possible size of the zinnia blooms? They come in a wide range of colors (12 total) and are known for their strong stems and good disease resistance. These hardy flowers come in vibrant array of colors and are great additions to arrangements. I am hoping these mix well in arrangements with my DA roses. Our concern/question is: Will we be successful if we direct seed/plant in the holes we burned in our landscape fabric? Beautiful photos. I have gardened all of my life, but I have always focused on vegetables and companion flowers like marigolds and nasturtiums. Yes, we use Nature’s Intent 7-2-4 and also apply compost tea throughout the season. It truly is appreciated. Are there any particular varieties that would work in containers on my west-facing balcony in Los Angeles? The plants produce wonderfully for about a month, but then get burned by the first frost in early October. Thank you for all the great information! Oklahoma Series: These are hands down the most productive and floriferous zinnias I’ve ever grown. As one of the easiest cut flowers to cultivate, they are a perfect first crop for beginning growers and are reliable, prolific producers for most flower farms. What kind of spray treatments do you do? It comes in a cheery mix including rose, purple, golden yellow, scarlet, orange, pink, and white. ‘Benary’s Giant Coral’ (pictured left) is a glowing tropical coral-salmon variety and a long-standing customer favorite. I’ve noticed a lot of people asking recently about the best or favorite zinnias to grow. love the zinnias have never grown them before good to know about the bleach also i guess it was to cold here in abbotsford bc to plant when i did i have never seen them come up so i bought more for myself and sister hers are up but i dont see mine, Hi there! When you need dependable, low-maintenance cut flowers, think zinnias. I live in Miami Florida and that means we are a unique micro climate with a 10B hardiness zone rating. The frilly double blooms look like mini gerbera daisies or double-flowered echinacea. We have quite a powdery mildew problem during the dry winter month (we grow year around). I have been really enjoying your blog and find it inspiring to grow all sorts of things that as of yet I haven’t. Sow two or three seeds 2in (5cm) apart at 12in (30cm) spacing. He’s been gone for 23 years and I have never grown a vegetable garden, but I grow zinnias every year. But I consider it quite an honor that she loves all of the flowers that I grow. Thank you for taking the time to put all of this information together to help aspiring flower growers like myself. Once cut, immediately place the zinnias into the warm water. I’m so glad you mentioned that Scabiosa varieties revert to single flowers under stress. warm peachy color is so versatile and softens with age. This special Floret mix has been an ongoing labor of love, and while it’s still a work in progress, we’re thrilled to finally be able to share it with the world. No matter what your needs are, there is definitely a zinnia for you. Zinnias are my favorite cutting flower mainly because they are so easy to grow and they’re very prolific. Thanks for all the info! Also I had a lots of trouble with black spots on the leaves, maybe caused by insects- not sure if it affected the flowers or not. Zinnias thrive in hot, dry conditions, so grow them in well-drained soil in a sunny border. I grow them in Mogo . Those little flowers really started a love of gardening in me! Do you recommend a heat mat? Water zinnias regularly, keeping soil moist, but avoid overwatering. One package of each is more than enough for my cutting garden. Their petite flower size makes them ideal for flower arranging. Giant Dahlia Flowered Zinnias The Giant Dahlia Flowered zinnias started off well, direct sowing easily and growing with the same vigor and speed as the Benary Giants. Thank you for your tips on these. (I learned that technique from you, thank you.) We always had trouble keeping zinnias happy in our nursery. If given good soil and a steady supply of water, plants can get huge and require some type of support. I love Magellan because it is so beautiful in arrangements with cool colors (not quite pink) and warm colors (not quite salmon) while staying bright and vivid. I’ve not gotten any normal flowers. The secret to getting the longest stems from your zinnias is pinching them when they are young. The entire bed is just full of all types of beautiful, colorful zinnias just like my grandma loved. I have tried staking to hold it up, but it no looks dry like its dying. Should I just direct seed next year? Was the only nutrients for the growth period added during bed prep and during seedlings when you used compost tea? I’m in Albuquerque, NM and our extreme heat is difficult- out of packs of direct seeded zinnias last year, i got only one plant that grew and bloomed! Of all the zinnias we grow, this might be my favorite. But, I fell in love with the Zinderella zinnias this year….and now I can’t stop purchasing all kinds of zinnia seeds! Thank you again, its very informative post, but i feel post harvest handling and harvesting methods are missing, also tell me favorable storage temperature for zinnias and we also face a difficulty on our farm after harvesting when temperature raises above 40 degree centigrades, which factors we do for freshness of zinnias. The flowers change form so much as they mature and stages are fascinating . Thanks. Hello from West Richland, Wa. If you plant them in full sun, give them adequate spacing and water at the base, they should all be quite mildew resistant. Someone said maybe they have aster yellows….they look super healthy from a distance but up close there some things that normally I wouldn’t pay any attention to…super tiny dots on the leaves, etc. We carry them in our shop. We succession sow zinnias every 2 to 3 weeks in order to have a steady stream of these beautiful blooms all summer long. Just wanted to give you props on your gardens, Are you able to reuse your drip irrigation year after year? Yours are so gorgeous! Thanks for the tips about scabiosa varieties! I didn’t know about trimming them back so they branch out so I will be doing so this year. I love most all zinnias and plant a mix if different variety of seeds.i am mostly partial to the California giants and the Lilliputians. They make a bold statement when combined with acid green or deep maroon flowers and foliage. Start your zinnias from seed, either right in the ground or under lights. I’m going to pass that info on! Any other advise would be great. I love getting all this information from you! Kim, I’m in Texas and have the same chalky-residue issue when we use our sprinkler system. I call the Zinnia’s and Marigold’s the workhorse of the garden. And, as an added bonus the butterflies love them! Now you’ve introduced many others…so I’m ordering more! If the stem is droopy or bends, it is not ready to cut. Love, love, love the amazing flower growing wisdom you impart. Would you consider having a mixed color selection in the cactus and benary’s zinnias? Thank you again for just the push I needed! Hi Kyra- I’m so glad this post helped you. Do you fertilize? And to provide additional nutrients through weekly seaweed tea. Zinnias like the heat, and it’s important that they are grown in full sun. How many time a week do you water your zinnia? I found the reverting to single flowers interesting too . This year I’m trying all seedings started from seeds indoors and will see how they do. Photography: © Jonathan Buckley. I ordered your ‘Cut Flower Garden’ book and LOVE it! Another Floret introduction, ‘Golden Hour’ is a beautiful collection of warm buff, honey, and soft apricot blooms started from two single plants we discovered in our fields. A cream variety such as ‘Oklahoma Ivory’ is beautiful mixed with the green (‘Benary’s Giant Lime’) and a white (‘Benary’s Giant White’), but the pales look all wrong mixed with dark reds and oranges. After reading you article I’d really like to try them in my own garden! So beautiful!!! I didn’t think I was a big fan of zinnias until I read your post about them (I love easy plants!) After reading the post and seeing all the beautiful varieties, I was inspired to try again. This should help extend the amount of time you have flowers. Zinnias are a great choice for the beginner gardener and a long time favorite of all gardeners. The ‘Persian Carpet Mix’ (pictured above) includes adorable gold, cranberry, orange, and cream flowers.

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